Formerly part of the Trucial States ruled by Britain, the United Arab Emirates broke loose from the United Kingdom on the 2nd of December of 1971. The federation consists of 7 Emirates; Abu Dhabi (the Capital), Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah (joined the federation in 1972), and Fujairah. The two men behind the idea of bringing the emirates together were His Highness Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, founder and first President of the UAE, along with His Highness Sheikh Rashed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, ruler of Dubai, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE. Because of this, the UAE constitution states that the ruler of Abu Dhabi is also the President and the ruler of Dubai is also the Prime Minister and Vice President, respectively. Each Emirate is ruled by a different Royal family; Al Nahyan (Abu Dhabi), Al Maktoum (Dubai), Al Qassimi (Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah), Al Neaimi (Ajman), Al Mualla (Umm Al Quwain) and Al Sharqi (Fujairah).